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California Native Plants

A Guide to Salvia (Sage) Species, Selections and Hybrids
and

Growing Salvias (Sages)

 

Return to CA Native Main Page 

Note:  May need to print page in landscape format to obtain all data. 

 

Guide to Salvia (Sage) Species, Selections and Hybrids
Species Common Name, Type Derivation/Origins

Exposure
Sun, Partial Sun, Shade

Dimensions
H x W
Flower Color
White, Pink,
 Lt Blue, Med Blue, Drk Blue, Violet
Best Features Drought Tolerance
S PS Sh H W Wh Pk LB MB DB V - L M H

Salvia  
'Allen Chickering'

Hybrid Sage der; S. clevelandii x 
S. leucophylla
San Diego to Baja CA below 3000', Coastal, dry, open hills
S PS - 5'H  5'WFlo - - - - DB - Fantastic aroma, culinary, silver foliage, dark blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H
Salvia apiana

White Sage

 

Dry slopes below 5000';
Coastal Sage Scrub, 
Chaparral, Yellow Pine

S - - 3-5'H 5'W Wh - - - - - Aromatic, useful for cooking, coarse white foliage, tall white flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attracts bees & hummingbirds.  Cold hardy to at least 15°F.  - - H
Salvia clevelandii Cleveland Sage

Dry slopes below 3000'; Chaparral

S PS - 3' 4' - - - MB - - Fantastic fragrance, useful for cooking, silver-green foliage, medium blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attractive to hummingbirds. - M H
Salvia clevelandii  ‘Winifred Gillman’

Cleveland Sage 
Selection

der; S. clevelandii
Dry slopes below 3000'; Chaparral
PS - 3-5'H 4-6'W - - - MB - - Fantastic fragrance, culinary, silver-green foliage, medium blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H

Salvia clevelandii
'Aromas'

Sage Selection

 

Dry slopes below 3000';
Chaparral
S PS - 3'H 4'W - - - MB - - Fantastic aroma, culinary, silver-green foliage, medium blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H
Salvia 'Dara's Choice' Sage Hybrid

der; S. sonomensis x S. mellifera,  Chaparral, Yellow Pine Forests, below 5000';
Dry slopes below 2000'; 
Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

S PS - 1-2'H 3'W - - - - DB V Linear green foliage, dark blue, whorled flowers.  Compact plant gives great horizontal accents to a perennial border. Tolerant of garden conditions.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H
Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage

Dry slopes below 2000'; Coastal Sage Scrub

S PS - 3-5'H 3-5'W - Pk - - - - Fragrant, silver foliage, light pink, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant, tough plant.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H

Salvia leucophylla 'Pt. Sal'

Purple Sage 
Selection

der; S. leucophylla
Dry slopes below 2000'; Coastal Sage Scrub

S PS 3-5'H 6-8'W - Pk - - - - Fragrant, silver foliage, light pink whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant, tough, spreading plant.  'Pt. Sal' is more prostrate than above. Great for slopes. Attracts hummingbirds. - M H
Salvia mellifera Black Sage

Dry slopes below 2000'; 
Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

S - - 3-6'H 3-5'W - - LB - - - Strongly aromatic, light green foliage, medium blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Attracts hummingbirds.  Important bee/honey plant. - - H

Salvia mellifera 
'Tera Seca'

Black Sage Selection

der; S. mellifera, from Monterey County along coast.

S PS - 1-2'H 6'W - - LB - - - Aromatic, light green foliage, medium blue, whorled flowers, spreading.  Deeply rooted & drought-tolerant, it makes a great stabilizing groundcover for a hillside.  Attracts hummingbirds & bees. - M H
Salvia munzii

San Miguel Mountain Sage

San Diego County and Baja California; coastal sage scrub. Below 2000'.

S - - 2-3'H 2-3'W - - - - DB - Light green foliage, foliage with dark blue, whorled flowers, deep-rooted, drought-tolerant.  Wildlife value. Uncommon. - M H

Salvia   
sonomensis

Creeping Sage

Native throughout the state to the chaparral, oak woodland & yellow pine forests. Below 5000' S PS Sh 4-10"H 5'W - - - - DB V Very prostrate groundcover with bluish-green upright foliage, dark blue to violet, whorled flowers. Great bank cover, tolerates a variety of sun exposures and soil types, including clay soils.  Cold hardy to at least 15°F.  - M H
Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage Oak woodland, chaparral, coastal sage scrub. Below 2000'. - PS Sh 2 1/2'H 3'W - Pk - - - - Showy red-magenta flowers, in whorls along foot-long stems.  Coarse, arrow-shaped green foliage in basal rosettes.  Good understory plant, tolerant of deep shade as well as sun.  Okay in assorted soils.  Attracts hummingbirds. - M H

 
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This page was last updated on 07/28/2004 03:24 PM